среда, 19 ноября 2014 г.

State system, symbolic and economy in Buryatia
Writing
C1. You have 20 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English- speaking pen-friend George who writes
...At school we are doing projects on state system of different countries. Could you tell me about state system in Burytia? Who stands at the head of the Republic? How many years is he elected for? What is he or she famous for? What is the highest organ of state power?  
I want know much about the history of the England’s Queens. As for my visit to the library last week, it was really wonderful...
Write a letter to George.
In your letter
• tell him about state system in your Republic
• ask 3 questions about his visit to the library.
C2      You have 40 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement.
Nowadays lots of young people want to work in industrial enterprises. They believe that they can earn a lot of money. On the contrary; others consider, that agriculture has a future. In today's time we need to make healthy food, and eat without harm. Who is right? What is your opinion? Which work do you find more satisfying?
Write 200 – 250 words.
Use the following plan:
-           make an introduction (state the problem)
-           express your personal opinion and give reasons for it
-           give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don’t agree with it
-           draw a conclusion

 Symbolic and economy in Buryatia
Use of English
B4 – B10
Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, обозначенные номерами B4 – B10, так чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4 – B10.
Flag of Eravninsky aimag (B4 MAKE) in the form of a five-color Hadak. The upper blue color (B5 symbolize) the eternal blue sky. The yellow color (B6 BE) a golden sun. The bottom two colors - red and green represent all living beings with red blood on the green earth. The middle white separates two worlds - top and bottom, and gives balance. On the flag we see a white swan - mother of Hori. The flag has two red ribbons - zhodbon that (B7 GARRY) security function.
Flag of Horinsky aimag (B8 TAKE PLACE) on a silver shield. Flags of Russia and Buryatia (B 9 WEAVE) with ornament "friendship." Here we see a pattern "Soyombo" - sun, moon and fire - the eternal search. Also, there (B10 EXISTENT) symbol of Hori - swan. 11 yurts represent 11 genera of Hori.
В11 – В16
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами, обозначенныe номерами В11 – В16, так чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
At the background of blue sky in the middle of the Kishinga flag stands Subarga "Dzharun Khashor", which (B11 CONSTRUCT) only in our area, after Nepal. (B12 FLOAT) Swan is Hori totem. Sun - the source of life, warmth, and all life on our planet. The shape of (B13 MUSIC)  signs underlines a special musical gift Kizhinginsky sons and daughters of the land. Chelsana Mountain - is one of the (B14 REVERE) revered sites, which protects against (B15 VARY) ills and "dark" forces, wishing good luck to all and Spark (Soyombo) - the (B16 BEGIN) of life and eternity on earth. Hitching post birch - a symbol of hospitality, openness souls of our fellow countrymen. Separately: lily (Ulaalzay) is listed in the Red Book of Buryatia, is the personification of purity. The inscription "Hezhenge", acquiring a crescent shape, symbolizes the mystery of life and the passage of time. (Author: Gomboev GG)
А22 – А28
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22 – А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям A22 – A28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
The economy of the Republic of Buryatia
Industry occupies a significant place in the economy of Buryatia. The most important industrial sectors of Buryatia include machine building, metal processing, energy, construction materials, and wood processing industry.
In the Locomotiv-Wagon Repair Plant underwent repair (A22) diesel locomotives, electric locomotives, passenger carriages, traction engines and diesel engines for locomotives. In addition, the plant produces iron, steel and colour castings.
Ulan-Ude aviation plant is one of the leading enterprises of the aviation industry and the military-industrial complex of Russia. The plant produces not only helicopters, (A23) planes.
On the territory of Buryatia (A24) more than 700 deposits of various minerals. Gold mining is one of the main items of Buryatia’s income, (A25) slightly more than 2 percent of the area of Russia, (A26) its bosom a large Golden potential. In Kizhinginsky area, near the village Novokizhinginsk, is the largest in Russia the Yermakovskoe beryllium Deposit. It has uniquely high (A27) beryllium. Mining jade in Russia was started in the mid-nineteenth century in the Eastern Sayan. After the 1990s, the recording is only (A 28), since a large part of the turnover jade is on the shadow market.
A22 1) of   2) in  3) into 4) to
A23 1) as well as   2) as  3) but  4) but also
A 24  1) were explored 2) explored 3) to explore  4) has been explored
A 25  1) occupy  2) occupying 3) take  4) taken
A 26  1) has at  2) contains in 3) contains out 4) has by
A 27  1) content of   2) content about  3) inside out  4) inside from

A 28  1) tirelessly 2) strange 3) approximate 4) exact
Section 2. The country and its people.
State system, symbolic and economy in Buryatia
Reading
B2
Установите соответствие между заголовками A – Н и текстами 1 – 7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.  Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний. 
A.    Tea road
B.     Extracted minerals
C.     Support in building
D.    Poor, weak land
E.     Engines industry
F.      Agricultural producers
G.    Decline of the economy
H.    Economic leader
1. Before the October revolution Buryatia was a backward region of Russia. There were no industrial enterprises. In small houses artisans processed fur, skin, produceed some goods of iron. Minerals were not extracted except gold.
2. As the most important trade routes passed from Russia to China through the Transbaikal region, in Verkhneudinsk there were many rich merchants ' houses, which bought tea, sold grain, fur.
3. The October revolution and the formation of the Buryat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1923) led to the development of agriculture and industry. The government invested annually many millions of rubles in the national economy of the Republic of Buryatia. Workers in large cities of the Soviet Union took the patronage over the construction of important industrial enterprises.
4. Many built factories were of great importance for the whole of the Soviet Union: the meat processing plant, locomotive repair plant, aircraft industry, pulp and paper mill. With the construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway, which stretched for 500 km in the North of Buryatia, a steel structures plant was built. Here were made bridges for railway.
5. Agriculture had also big changes. In the villages collective farms and state farms were created. Tractors, seeders were used. All important natural products were produced on farms.
6. After the destruction of the Soviet Union the economy of Buryatia had a hard crisis. Many industrial enterprises were closed, collective farms and state farms stopped to exist. In the late 90's the Republic tried to improve the economy through reforms. Many enterprises have been privatized, new farmers appeared.
7. Ulan-Ude aviation plant is considered to be the economic leader not only in Buryatia, but also in Russia. Last year he took the 11th place in terms of sales volume among the 25 largest defense enterprises of Russia.
B3
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1 – 6  частями предложений, обозначенными буквами AG. Одна из частей в списке А – G – лишняя. Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в  таблицу.
Buryatia is a presidential Republic. State (1…..) is exercised by the President, the people's great Hural, the Government and (2….). The President is a head of the state, its (3….) and the Chairman of the Government. The President is elected (4….) five years and (5….) speak two languages - Russian and Buryat. The highest organ of state power is the unicameral national Khural. The Khural (6……) of 66 members.



A.                the courts
B.                highest official
C.                must
D.                consists
E.                 in
F.                 power
G.                for



А15 – А21
Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания А15 – А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.
The flag and coat of arms of the Republic of Buryatia
 The coat of arms of the Republic of Buryatia is a heraldic shield in traditional form with the three-color circle (blue-white-yellow colors of the national flag). In the upper part of the circle - gold soemba, it is a traditional symbol of eternal life (the sun, moon, fire). In the center of the circle are blue-white stripes - waves of lake Baikal, as well as light green and dark green mountain peaks, which characterize the local landscape. The lower part of the circle is framed by a blue ribbon “hadak", a symbol of hospitality of Buryatia people.
  The flag of the Republic of Buryatia consists of three horizontal strips: the upper blue color, middle white, bottom yellow.
Blue is the national color of the Buryats, represents eternity. White is the symbol of high moral principles, happiness. Yellow (Golden) emphasizes the spiritual. Religious Buryats profess Lamaism - a kind of Northern Buddhism, which colours are yellow, Golden.
In the upper left corner soemba is pictured. Buryat soemba consists of three elements: the moon, the sun and fire upwards. Fire means warmth, life. The first tongue of flame represents the past, middle - modern, third - future generations. Together the flames talk about the continuity of history. The sun symbolizes life, vitality. The Mongolian and Turkic people worshiped the moon as the main light; these people saw in it a mystery, because the moon was the master of the night.
A15
The green mountain peaks  
1.      light the local landscape
2.      represent the natural scenery
3.      praise the natural scenery
A16
A blue ribbon “hadak" symbolizes …… of Buryatia people
1.      kindness  
2.      capacity
3.      modesty
A17
Blue is the national color of the Buryats  ………..
1.      draws a century
2.      symbolizes permanence
3.      shows mind
A18
Yellow (Golden)
1.      denies religion
2.      blames religion
3.      indicates religion
A19
Religious Buryats ….. Lamaism - a kind of Northern Buddhism
1.      confess,
2.      express
3.      profess
A20
Together the flames talk ……….
1.      about not interrupted time
2.      in permanence of the past
3.      on  researched history
A21
The Mongolian and Turkic people ……. the moon as the main light  
1.      fascinated
2.      admired  
3.      adored


Geographical location, landscape, waterways, climate, administrative division
Writing and speaking
C1. You have 20 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your friend Tom, who writes:
... It was great to hear that you went to Lake Baikal during your spring holidays. I have always wanted to visit this wonderful lake. Did you enjoy your journey? What did you do? What impressed you most of all? Did you like your hotel?
As for me, I am awfully tired because we’ve got too many tests at school. Can’t wait for the summer break...
Write a letter to Tom.
In your letter answer his questions; ask 3 questions about his school.
Write 100 – 140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
C2      You have 40 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement.
Nowadays lots of young people tend to move to cities in search of better life. On the contrary, many adults consider such a lifestyle quite dangerous for their children. Who is right? Is the life in the city really as harmful as it may seem?
What is your opinion? Which way of life do you find more satisfying?
Write 200 – 250 words.
Use the following plan:
-           make an introduction (state the problem)
-           express your personal opinion and give reasons for it
-           give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don’t agree with it
-           draw a conclusion
C3.
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
But even today one cannot say, that we know all the secrets of this unique sheet of water. The Baikal is 25 million years old. And it still remains a young lake. It is 1634 meters deep. The Baikal is 636 km long, from 25 km to 79 km wide. Many seas are even considerably shallower. The lake consists 20 % of the world's fresh water supply.
To Siberians it is a glorious sea. The water of the Baikal is amazingly clear; its transparency is 100 times greater than that of many other lakes, in fact it is legendary.
There one finds the Baikal seal, golomyanka and of course omul. The delicate fish has always been a favorite with Siberians. Even the thought of omul salted or smoked or baked is mouthwatering. (The text is taken from materials of Medwedev S.P. “Sunny Buryatia”)
C4.
Study the advertisement. You are considering learning Buryat language. And now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:


1.         dates for beginning
2.         place
3.         teachers
4.         accomodation
5.         price


You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
About the Linguistic centre "East-West"
·         English, Chinese,Korean, Buryat languages at any level.
·         English/Buryat for children from 4-6 years.
·         Preparation to  the Unified State Exam in English.
·         English/Chinese for business.
·         Express courses in English/ Chinese for travel
·         Corporate training.
·         Weekend courses.
·         The synthesis of the most progressive methods of teaching foreign languages, well-equipped classrooms, lessons in mini-groups with the best teachers, the widest selection of programs and individual approach to each person

C 5.
Imagine that while travelling during your holidays you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
      
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. In your talk remember to speak about:
•when you took the photo
 •what is in the photo
 •what is happening
•why you took the photo
•why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with:
I’ve chosen photo number …  
C 6
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the kinds of rest presented in the pictures, what do you prefer, explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.